is the first state in India that has been formed on a purely
linguistic basis. When India became independent, the Andhras
i.e., the Telugu-speaking people were distributed in about 21
districts, 9 of them in the Nizams dominions and 12 in the
Madras presidency. On the basis of an agitation, on October
1st, 1953, 11 districts of the Madras state were put to form a
new Andhra State with Kurnool as the capital. On November 1st,
1956 (Now, this date has become AP formation day), in
accordance with the recommendations of the state
reorganization commission of the Andhra State was enlarged by
the addition of 9 districts formerly in the Nizam dominion.
Then Hyderabad, the former capital of the Nizams, became the
official capital of the enlarged Andhra State. thus consists
of 3 distinct regions, namely, Coastal, Telangana, and
the Interior region.
Telugu, the official language of Andhra Pradesh, is
described by C.P. Brown as the 'Italian of the East'.
Next to Hindi, Telugu is the biggest linguistic unit in India.
Telugu is found recorded as early as the 7th Century AD but it
was only 11th century AD that it broke out into a literary
One of the unique features of Hyderabad is the language of
Urdu. The Hyderabadi Urdu is more like city's
dialect of Hindi- a 'la Ebonics Language . It is in the world
of its own. Like the Mumbayya 'tapori', Hyderabadi lingo too
has its own distinct sound & flavour and yes, it is more
varied as it has its own dialects in different parts of the
city. If the real Hyderabadi is laced with Urdu and typical to
the old city, the new city has a fair mix of English and
Telugu to it. In Secunderabad Cantonment area, there is a
Tamil touch to it. Though the original Urdu language is
different, over the years, the Urdu that we speak in Hyderabad
is a mix of Urdu, Telugu, and Hindi which has resulted in the
invention of very unique and funny words that can be found
nowhere but in Hyderabad. For example, you can catch a typical
Hyderabadi anywhere in India. Once he starts speaking in
Hindi, you get to hear the uniqueness that is Hyderabad, with
words like 'Nakko' (No Thanks!), 'Kya Miyan'
(What's up dude!), 'Potti' (A girl!) and many more
words. You only need to be in Hyderabad to know these words
and you will love both the words and the Hyderabadi.
Hyderabad comes under Telengana region under which there are
many other districts like, Mahaboobnagar, KarimNagar, Khammam,
Nizamabad, Medak, Warangal, Nalgonda, Ranag Reddy, Adilabad.
Other districts come under coastal region and the Interior
region of Andhra Pradesh.